Around the World

AIDS AROUND THE WORLD

Overview
The number of people living with HIV has been rising in every region with the steepest increases occurring in East Asia and in Eastern Europe and Central Asia where the epidemic has increased almost nine-fold in less than ten years.

Sub-Saharan Africa remains the world’s worst-affected region. The region holds just over 10% of the world’s population, but is home to more than 60% of all people living with HIV and more than three quarters of all women living with HIV.

The populations of many Asian nations are so large that even low national HIV prevalence translates into millions of people living with HIV. Without immediate action, the region could witness an additional 12 million new infections between 2005 and 2010.

Globally, the Caribbean has the world’s second highest prevalence rate, topped only by sub-Saharan Africa. Overall, the highest HIV-infection levels among women in the Americas are in Caribbean countries and AIDS has become the leading cause of death in the Caribbean among adults aged 15-44 years.

Today, more than 17 million women and girls are living with HIV, representing nearly 50% of those living with the disease worldwide – and almost 60% of those with HIV in sub-Sarharan Africa.

Prevention
At this stage of the epidemic there are more new HIV infections every year (around five million) than AIDS-related deaths (around three million).

Currently, only one in five people needing HIV prevention worldwide have access to basic prevention services and only one in ten people living with HIV has been tested.